Saturday, 7 April 2012

what are the responsibilities of the Data link layer, Network Layer and Transport Layer in the Internet Model?

The data link layer is responsible for framing data bits, providing the physical addresses of the sender/receiver, data rate control and detection and correction of damaged and lost frames.

The network layer provides the functional and procedural means of transferring variable length data sequences from a source to a destination via one or more networks, while maintaining the quality of service requested by the Transport layer. The Network layer performs network routing functions, and might also perform fragmentation and reassembly, and report delivery errors. Routers operate at this layer—sending data throughout the extended network and making the Internet possible.
The responsibility of the transport layer includes end-to-end message transfer independent of the underlying network, along with error control, segmentation, flow control, congestion control, and application addressing (port numbers). End to end message transmission or connecting applications at the transport layer can be categorized as either connection-oriented, implemented in TCP, or connectionless, implemented in UDP.

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